BWINDI IMPENETRABLE FOREST

Bwindi is cooler compared to the rest of the country especially in the morning and at night. The annual average temperatures range from 7c-20c with the coldest period being June and July. Warm clothes are required plus wet weather gear since Bwindi receives up to 2390mm of rain per annum. This is concentrated during two wet seasons’ short rains in May and March and heavy rains in September and November. Instead of short tropical deluges, rain in Bwindi often falls as long BWINDI IMPENETRABLE FOREST.


Located in south-western Uganda, at the junction of the plain and mountain forests, Bwindi Park covers 32,000 ha and is known for its exceptional biodiversity, with more than 160 species of trees and over 100 species of ferns. Many types of birds and butterflies can also be found there, as well as many endangered species, but most essential the emotional mountain gorilla closely related to humans. Bwindi Impenetrable forest is regarded as one of the most biodiversity forests in Africa largely owing to its antiquity and a broad attitude range between 1160 and 2607m above sea level. Bwindi is a true rain forest comprising   of 331km of jungle forests containing both Montana and lowland forest, only accessible on foot.  The forest was proclaimed in 1932 as the impenetrable forest reserve and in 1991 when it was realized that the name was less alluring to the tourists, it was officially changed to Bwindi National Park.  It was recognized as a world heritage site in 1994. In the local Rukiga language, Bwindi means ‘impenetrable’ deriving from a local phrase ‘Mubwindi bwa Nyinamukari’ which referred to Mubwindi swamp in the south east of the park rather than the forest itself. Mubwindi bwa Nyinamukari means dark place of Nyinamukari. hours of soft drizzle.

 

Flora and fauna
The park supports a tremendous biodiversity as a result the altitudinal range 0f 1447m to create habitats ranging from the forest at 1160m to rare afromontane vegetation above 2600m and its long period of existence whereby when most of Africa’s forests disappeared during the last ice age (12000-18000 years ago), Bwindi was one of the few rufigia which persisted. In the process it accumulated a lengthy species list. This includes 310 species of butterfly, 51 reptiles, 200 trees, 88 moths and an exceptional 120 types of mammals including 10 primates. The list of primates includes gorillas, chimpanzees, l’Hoests, red tailed and blue monkey, black and white colobus, and baboons.


Birding
Bwindi is a destination for bird watchers blessed with roughly 350 bird species f which 7 are IUCN red data listed and 90% of all Albertine rift endemic species which are almost impossible to find in the rest of east African destination.

 

LOCATION (BWINDI MAP)
Bwindi lies in south western Uganda, about 530km from Kampala.  Travelers can fly from Entebbe or Kampala (Kajjansi airfield) to the modern tarmac air strip at Kisoro. Visitors to Buhoma can charter planes to the grass Kayonza airstrip.
Getting there and back
A site of Bwindi’s head quarters.
Kampala- kabala –Kanungu -Buhoma. This route passes the park southerly Ishasha sector providing a chance of stop over giving a chance to the famous tree climbing lions at Mweya. Bwindi is 160km from Mweya and only65km from Ishasha.
Kampala-Kabale -Kanungu- Buhoma. This route follows a tarmac highway to Kabala (414km) and takes 5-6hours.the next road section is Kanungu and its murram 120kmpasses through Kanungu and Kanyantogoro and takes 4-5hrs and A4WD is required
Kampala – Ntungamo -Rukungiri –Kihihi-Buhoma. This is the quickest, most direct and most convenient route from Kampala, it follows tarmac roads to Rukungiri (390km) followed by 82km on murram roads to Buhoma.
Kampala - Kabale- Nkuringo. Rukingo is 105km from kabala and the drive takes 4-5 hours on a mountainous murram road. The road from Kisoro is winding 35km that takes 1-1.5hours. A4WD vehicle is recommended for both approaches Nkuringo.

 

Public transport. A bus runs daily from Kampala to Butagota from which a taxi can be hired for the last 17km to Buhoma. There is no public transport to Nkuringo.


CHECK LIST (what to carry)

Accommodation facilities

Volcanoes Bwindi lodge
Gorilla forest camp
Gorilla resort
Buhoma lodge
Silver back lodge (7 rooms)

Silver back gorilla

Nature access lodge
Enyangi tented camp
Lake Kitandala Bwindi camp
Bwindi view canteen.

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